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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Researchers and practitioners are invited to submit their manuscripts to the editors for publication in the Development, Environment and Foresight (DEF).

Authors are reminded of our guidelines which state that "Submission of a manuscript to another journal while it is under review by Development, Environment and Foresight is considered unethical and will lead to termination of the review proces at DEF immediately."

In this respect, DEF operates in the same way as most other reputable journals. It means that authors should send their manuscript to only one journal and not to another one until they have received a response from the first. Moreover, once your manuscript has been accepted for publication by a journal, you should not submit it to another one without formally withdrawing it from the first before it is actually published. With most journals now having an online presence, it is very easy to detect instances where authors have previously published their work and when they try to do this their academic reputation will suffer.

Papers that present results from a very narrow domain of information, especially exclusively technical topics, and that provide few or no implications for the broader community are unlikely to be accepted. Normal paper length is around 5,000-8,000 words. Very short papers are unlikely to be complete and will be rejected. Excessively long papers will subject to careful scrutiny - and authors can expect to be asked to reduce the length.

Development, Environment and Foresight journal bibliographic and formatting standards are based on The Chicago Style

If necessary, you may choose to split a paper into two - but each paper must stand alone as a complete paper. Authors should explain in a covering letter why they believe their submission is appropriate for the journal, and how it will be valuable reading for the journal's readers.

Authors are cautioned that they should ensure that they conform to conventional standards of style and authorship, specifically with respect to the citing of material in other sources. All such citations must be indicated by the use of quotation marks and reference information - author, year, and page numbers where appropriate, with a corresponding item in a list of references. Manuscripts that fail to attribute material correctly, or are otherwise deemed guilty of plagiarism, will be rejected.

Topics of interest are as wide and diverse as the audience that we address. Comparative analyses between the developed and developing world are encouraged. Send your submissions to the Editor-in-Chief.


The following examples illustrate citations using the Chicago bibliography system. 


One author
Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006. 
Two or more authors
Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.
Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author
Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951. 
Editor, translator, or compiler in addition to author
García Márquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988.
Chapter or other part of a book
Kelly, John D. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
Chapter of an edited volume originally published elsewhere (as in primary sources)
Cicero, Quintus Tullius. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of Cicero, vol. 1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).
Preface, foreword, introduction, or similar part of a book
Rieger, James. Introduction to Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, xi–xxxvii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
Book published electronically
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Journal article

Article in a print journal
Weinstein, Joshua I. “The Market in Plato’s Republic.” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 439–58.
Article in an online journal
Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 405–50. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247.

Article in a newspaper or popular magazine

Mendelsohn, Daniel. “But Enough about Me.” New Yorker, January 25, 2010.
Stolberg, Sheryl Gay, and Robert Pear. “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote.” New York Times, February 27, 2010. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/politics/28health.html.

Book review

Kamp, David. “Deconstructing Dinner.” Review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, by Michael Pollan. New York Times, April 23, 2006, Sunday Book Review. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/23/books/review/23kamp.html.

Thesis or dissertation

Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008.

Paper presented at a meeting or conference

Adelman, Rachel. “ ‘Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On’: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21–24, 2009.


Google. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11, 2009. http://www.google.com/intl/en/privacypolicy.html.
McDonald’s Corporation. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19, 2008. http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html.

Blog entry or comment

Becker-Posner BlogThe. http://uchicagolaw.typepad.com/beckerposner/.