We are happy to present you the first issue of third year of the DEF Journal. The first paper authored by Jan Macháček, Jiří Teichmann, Pavel Nováček and Pavel Kladivodescribes the Future Oriented Thinking Index via a Case Study of the Czech Republic, Greece, Moldova and Switzerland. The second paper presented by Linda Piknerová and Eva Rybáková focuses on the “celebritization” of development, subtitled Bono Vox and Angelina Jolie, actors in develop-ment. The third and fourth papers are written by students, Jan Říkovský and Lucie Macková, and Štěpánka Pecháčková respectively. Jan and Lucie report on the provision of aid in complex refugee situations via a case study of Belgrade. On the other hand Štěpánka describes arsenic contamination of groundwa-ter in Bangladesh as one of the largest examples of poisoning in the world, affecting mil-lions of people because groundwater is the main source of potable water in the country.