From Recipient to Donor Country - Experience from Central Europe

  • Petr Pavlík University of Economics, Prague

Abstract

For more than two decades the Czech Republic (CR) has been both a recipient and a donor of foreign assistance. Since 1989, the Czech Republic has received considerable income in the form of foreign assistance, mainly from EU institutions, but also from the EFTA countries, the World Bank and other international organizations. The Czech Republic has so far paid around 411 bn CZK (cca 15.2 bn EUR) to the EU budget since it joined in May 2004 and has in return received from the EU budget 948 bn CZK (cca 35.1 bn EUR). Thus the CR has been a net recipient of 537 bn CZK (cca 19.9 bn EUR). Former communist Czechoslovakia was very active with respect to selected developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, especially those trying to follow the path of so-called non-capitalist development and had friendly relations with the Soviet bloc. The system and priorities of Czech development cooperation underwent a substantial transformation after 1989. A substantial transformation of the system of Czech development cooperation took place in 2010. It included major legislative, institutional and organizational changes. A very important step was the adoption of the Act on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid, which became effective from 1st July 2010. The Development Coopera-tion Strategy of the Czech Republic 2010-2017 was also adopted. Although the CR is one of the most important donors of development assistance among the post-communist coun-tries, both in absolute and in relative terms, it spends much less than the recommended 0.7% of GNI on development cooperation. In 2014 the Czech ODA amounted to 210.21 mil. USD (cca 4.36 bn USD), which was 0.111% GNI. One of the reasons why a significant increase of spending on development cooperation is not one of the priorities of the Czech political parties is that many Czechs consider themselves to be poor compared to the citi-zens of Western European countries and this strongly influences public opinion.
Published
May 2, 2016
How to Cite
PAVLÍK, Petr. From Recipient to Donor Country - Experience from Central Europe. Development, Environment and Foresight, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 35-47, may 2016. ISSN 2336-6621. Available at: <http://def-journal.eu/index.php/def/article/view/18>. Date accessed: 23 mar. 2019.

Keywords

recipient of foreign assistance; donor of development aid; development coope-ration; developing countries; official development assistance